Efforts against match-fixing
Council of Europe
The Council of Europe has adopted a new “Convention on the manipulation of sports competitions”. The covention commits the member states and sports organisations to raise their efforts in the fight against corruption on the sports arena and against illegal betting.
Ministers from around 50 countries are expected to sign the convention at a conference in September 2013.
Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions
In 2006 FIFA formed an Ethics Committee, later renamed Committee for Fair Play and Social Responsibility that works independently of the Executive Committee of FIFA. Coupled with this FIFA launched its Early Warning System GmbH (EWS) in 2007, designed to monitor betting on FIFA tournaments and ensure it does not have an effect on the matches.
In May 2014, FIFA issued a set of recommendations aiming to form strategies and procedural guidelines in the case of match manipulation incidents.
FIFA Specific Recommendations to Combat Match Manipulation
Committee for Fair Play and Social Responsibility
Early Warning System
In UEFA’s latest executive meeting, in January of 2010, they restated their zero tolerance policy for any corruption in European football. Similar to FIFA, UEFA have taken steps to create an early detection system for betting fraud. President Michel Platini has admitted that it is a real problem and that, “We cannot treat this lightly.”
UEFA Fights Corruption
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is a self-proclaimed leader in the fight against corruption. In 2000 the ICC formed an anti-corruption unit following huge controversy. The Anti Corruption and Security Unit as they are called, aim to investigate, educate and prevent.
In 2008 ATP, the International Tennis Federation and the Grand Slam Committee appointed a Director for it’s new Tennis Integrity Unit, as well as adopted an Anti-Corruption Code across the sport. These moves were inline with the 15 recommendations that were handed down after the Environmental Review of Integrity in Professional Tennis report was published.
Tennis Integrity Unit
The World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association adopted an anti-corruption unit in 2010 to investigate match-fixing allegations. Its primary purpose is to look into any suspicious betting patterns and match fixing allegations from the last few years. The unit will also work with the Gambling Commission’s integrity unit to investigate any cases of alleged corruption.
2010 saw the major Australian sport leagues come together to fight corruption. The Coalition of Major Professional and Participation Sports was formed by the Australian Football League, Australian Rugby Union, Cricket Australia, Football Federation Australia, National Rugby League, Netball Australia and Tennis Australia. The industry-represented group will aim to uphold the integrity in sports gaming as its number one priority.
The Coalition of Major Professional & Participation Sports
The European Sports Security Association (ESSA) was established in 2005, by major European sports book operators to monitor irregular betting and inside betting. ESSA looks to be the guardian of sports integrity by utilizing an early warning system to alert its members of any suspicious betting. FIFA, UEFA, EPFL, The FA, DFB, ATP, ITF, WTA and IOC all are participatory members in ESSA.
European Sports Security Association
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) created the Ethics Commission in 1999 to guard the ethical principles of the Olympic movement. Its main purpose is to make recommendations of measures and sanctions to both the IOC Executive Board and Session. The Commission also has other functions. The first being to continuously update the Code of Ethics and circulate these texts to all involved with the IOC.
On top of this the Commission has the authority to prevent and advise confidentially to the IOC. The IOC as also adopted an early warning system called International Sports Monitoring GmbH (ISM) that like many similar systems is designed to detect any irregular betting. If something is flagged ISM alerts the IOC so it can investigate the case.
The Ethics Commission
International Sports Monitoring
The International Centre for Sports Security (ICSS) is an international, not-for-profit organisation based in Doha, Qatar, working to promote and protect the integrity and security of sport, with a special focus on match-fixing.
For over two years, the Sorbonne-ICSS Research Programme on Sport Integrity has conducted an in-depth assessment of the scale and scope of sport corruption, sport betting and betting fraud. The report was released in May 2014.
Guiding Principles to Protect the Integrity of Sports Competitions:
Read the Executive Summary
Read the full report