The growing awareness of health risks, especially concussions, in American football can have caused a “notable decline” in football participation among American high school boys, says Roger Pielke Jr. in this essay.
Close to 300 African and South-American players under the age of 18 have come to Europe to play despite FIFA regulations banning international trade with minors, a new journalistic research project concludes.
Children down to the age of 10 will be required to have an international transfer certificate in the future. The International Federation of Professional Footballers, FIFPro, doubts that this will close the loopholes for the trade of minors in international top football.
CAS has dismissed FC Barcelona’s transfer ban appeal and confirmed that the club has breached the rules regarding protection of minors. The verdict may be a step against the use of underage footballers.